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Kamis, 01 September 2011

Properties of apples

Properties of apples

It is believed that first food eaten by prehistoric man was a fruit. Everyfruit has a story associated with it in the Indian mythology. There is amention of forbidden fruit even in the Bible. Nutritionally, fruits are goodsource of salts, minerals, vitamins and dietary fibre that is required to keepa person healthy.

Why are the fruits essential parts of diet?
1. Fruits are efficient source of vitamin C which protects against scurvy.
2. The deep orange and yellow colored fruits are excellent source of betacarotene (beta carotene is a precursor of vitamin A). it protects fromnutritional blindness.
3. Some fruits contain fair amount of vitamins of B-complex family
4. Some fruits provide essential and trace minerals
5. Some of the fruits have a good proportion of fibre that helps excretionand prevents constipation.

Nutritional value for 100 g:
1. Calories: 52 - 59 Kcal
2. Total carbohydrates: 13.8 g

3. Calcium: 10 mg
4. Phosphorus: 14 mg
5. Iron: 1 mg
6. Vitamin C: 1 mg
7. Fibre: 2.4 g
8. Sodium: 28 g
9. Potassium: 75 mg
10. Sugars: 10.5 g
11.Cholestrol: 0.0 mg (Phytosterols - 12.0 mg)

Medicinal properties of Apples:

1. Apple is believed to prevent scurvy disease that is caused due todeficiency of vitamin C
2. Apple protects a person from digestive disorders and other ailments ofthe alimentary canal due to fair amount of fibre (indigestible carbohydrates,roughages) present in it.
3. Apple contains a high pectin content and considered useful part of thediet for gall bladder problems. Results of preliminary studies suggest apositive relationship between lung function and consumption of five or moreapples per week (Butland, et al., 2000), and inverse relationship between lungcancer risk and foods containing quercetin, found in high concentrations inapples (Le Marchand, et al., 2000).
4. Apple juice is considered beneficial for infant feeding, diarrhoea andpeptic ulcer patients. Two apples per day should be consumed for properevacuation of bowls. Baked apples are said to be useful in treating diarrhoea.Cooking process softens the cellulose.
5. Apple "Murabba" is believed to act as a stimulant for the heartand useful in relieving mental stress.
6. Raw apples may be taken by people suffering from constipation.
7. Two glasses (500 ml) of Apple juice taken half an hour before meals andretiring to bed help in getting rid of anaemia
8. Apple pulp (1-4 tablespoon) is believed to be useful as therapeutic agentin dysentery among children
9. Since apples are rich in potassium and phosphorus but low in sodium, theyare believed to help alleviate heart diseases.
10. Apples are known to lower the sodium levels in tissues as these are richin potassium. Hence, apples are considered very useful for patients having highblood pressure.

11. Apples are prescribed to be included in the diet to flush the stones fromthe kidney and gall bladder.

12. Apples are believed to promote vitality if taken along with milk.

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